More about vaccines from the American Academy of Pediatrics

Staff Writer
Columbus Parent

For example, recent outbreaks of measles in the U.S. were traced to unvaccinated children who became infected while traveling in Europe. Likewise, it would take only one case of polio from another country to bring the disease back to the U.S. if children are not protected by vaccinations.

In addition to antigens, vaccines contain ingredients to prevent contamination and improve effectiveness. These ingredients have been found to be safe in humans in the quantities given in vaccines, which is much less than children are exposed to in their environment, food and water. Valid scientific studies have shown no link between autism and thimerosal, a mercury-based preservative once used in several vaccines (and still used in some flu vaccines). However, since thimerosal was removed from childhood vaccines in 2001, autism rates have actually increased, supplying further evidence that thimerosal does not cause autism.

Before a vaccine is licensed, it is studied in thousands of children and in combination with other vaccines. After licensure, the federal government continues to monitor a vaccine's safety. This continuous monitoring ensures researchers will uncover any rare side effects, even if they affect only a small number of children. For example, a rotavirus vaccine was withdrawn in 1999 after it was linked to intestinal blockages in about 100 children. This vaccine was replaced by a new and safer product. Today's recommended vaccines have been shown to be safe and effective for millions of children.

This schedule allows for some flexibility to delay certain shots when advised by a child's pediatrician due to illness, certain chronic conditions or other medical reasons. Parents should discuss any concerns with their child's pediatrician.

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